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                                            (24th Tirthankara)
 
 
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  Bhagavan Mahavir  was the last and the twenty fourth Tirthankar of this era in the Jain tradition.   
Name                .....................Mahavir  
Father's Name....................Siddhartha  
Mother's Name.................. Trisala (Priyakarini) 
Birth Place        ....................Kundalpur 
Birth Thithi        ...................Chitra Sukla.13 
Diksha Thithi    ....................Marghshirsh ku. 10 
Kevalgyan Thithi.............. ..Baishak ku.10 
Naksharta         ....................Hasthotar 
Diksha Sathi     ................ ...Ekaki 
Shadhak Jeevan ........... ....42 years 
Age Lived         ................ ... 72 years 
Lakshan Sign  ................ .....Lion  
Neervan Place ............... .... .Pavapuri 
Neervan Sathi ................ .... .0 
Neervan Thithi................ ..... Kartik ku. 15 
Colour               ..................... Golden Yellow
 Bhagavân Mahavir (श्रीमहावीर)
   Lord Mahavira
                   Loin

      Lakshan Sign - Loin    

  Life of Lord Mahavira
  Birth and Boyhood
 
Lord Mahavira was a prince whose childhood name was Vardhaman. According to the Digambar traditation, Lord Mahavira was born in the year 615 BC, but the Swetambaras believe that he was born in 599 BC. Both sects however agree that he was the son of Siddhartha and Trisala. It is said that  mother Trisala had Sixteen auspicious dreams before the child was born (only 14 according to the Swetambaras). Astrologers interpreting these dreams, stated that the child would be either an emperor or a Tirthankar.. 
 As the son of a king, he had many worldly pleasures, comforts, and services at his command. In boyhood once while playing he brought under control a terrify serpent. consequently and symbolic of this feat of bravery, he got the title Mahavir and Vira-natha.
 Mahvira's Penances
  However at the age of thirty he left his family and the royal household, gave up his worldly possessions, and became a monk in search of a solution to eliminate pain, sorrow, and suffering from life of all beings. 
  Mahavira left home, retired to the park, Jnatrkhanda-vana, close to Kundapura and relinquished his ornaments and cloths. He pulled out his hair by his hands, observed fast for three days, and then plunged himself into meditation. After some time, he started touring various parts of the country. He strictly followed Ahimsa,  not to deprive others of even a blade of grass belonging to them, not to speak lie, not to entertain any sex appetite, even in mind, and not to have any possession of worldly goods. Along with the practice of his five great voes he got himself habituated to endure with peace and patience all such physical and mental tortures like hunger, thirst, cold, heat, insect bites etc. known as parisaha. 
  Mahavira's Omniscience
  Lord Mahavira spent majority of the following twelve and one half years in deep silence and meditation to conquer his desires, feelings, and attachments, and to eradicate all four Ghati Karma. He carefully avoided harming other living beings including animals, birds, insects, and plants. He also went without food for long periods of time. He remained calm and peaceful against all unbearable hardships. During this period, his spiritual powers developed fully and he realized perfect perception, perfect knowledge, perfect conduct, unlimited energy, and unobstructed bliss. This realization is known as Keval-jnän or the perfect enlightenment. 
 Mahavira's Religious Sermons
  After attaining omniscience, Lord Mahavira came to Rajgriha (Rajgir), the capital of Magadha and took a worthy seat on the mount Vipulacala.  Here he propounded to the audience  the basic principles of
Jain dharma, the anu-vrata for the laity and mahavartas for the monks whereby the blissful ideal of life can be reached,
  Lord Mahavira spent the next thirty years traveling barefoot throughout India preaching the eternal truth he had realized. The ultimate objective of his teaching is how one can attain total freedom from the cycle of birth, life, pain, misery, and death, and achieve the permanent blissful state of one's self. This is also known as liberation, Nirvän, absolute freedom, or Moksha. 
 Mahavira's Nirvana
  At the age of 72 (in 527 BC), Lord Mahavira attained Nirvana and his purified soul left his body and achieved complete liberation. He became a Siddha, a pure consciousness, a liberated soul, living forever in a state of complete bliss. On the evening of his Nirvän, people spiritually celebrated the Festival of Lights (Dipävali) in his honor. This is the last day of the Jain calendar year. 
  Mahavira's Organisation
  Lord Mahavira was the head of an excellent community of 14,000 monks, 36,000 nuns, 159,00O male lay votaries and 318,OOO female lay votaries. The four groups designated as monks, nuns, laymen and laywomen constitute the four fold order (tirtha) of Jainism. Of the eleven principle disciples (ganadharas) of Lord Mahavira, only two, viz., Gautam Swami and Sudharma Swami survived him. After twenty years of Nirvän of Lord Mahavir, Sudharma Swami also attained emancipation. He was the last of the eleven gandharas to die. Jambu Swami, the last omniscient, was his pupil. He attained salvation after sixty four years of the Nirvän of Lord Mahavira. 
  Mahavira's Message
  Lord Mahavira's message of nonviolence (Ahimsä), truth (Satya), non stealing (Achaurya), celibacy (Brahmacharya), and nonpossession (Aparigraha) is full of universal compassion.  Lord Mahavira made religion simple and natural, free from elaborate rituals.
Mahavira Teaching reflect the internal beauty and harmony of the soul. Lord Mahavira  taught the idea of supremacy of human life and stressed the importance of a positive attitude towards life.    
  Lord Mahavira said that, "A living body is not merely an integration of limbs and flesh but it is the abode of the soul which potentially has infinite perception (Anantdarshana), infinite knowledge (Anantjnäna), infinite power (Anantvirya), and infinite bliss (Anantsukha). Mahavira's message reflects freedom and spiritual joy of the living being. 
  Lord Mahavira emphasized that all-living beings, irrespective of their size, shape, form, and how spiritually developed or undeveloped, are equal and we should love and respect them. In this way, he preached the universal love. 
  Lord Mahavira taught that the true nature of reality is timeless, with no beginning or end and rejected the concept of God as a creator, a protector, and a destroyer of the universe. He also taught that worshiping heavenly gods and goddesses, as a means of material gain and personal benefits is contrary to the path of liberation.
  Once Lord Mahavira was asked what is the religion from a realistic point of view. Lord Mahavira said, “ the realistic religion consists of four parts: 1) equality of all living ones, 2) every living soul has right to put self-effort to improve itself and should not to be stripped of that right, 3) no one should rule over other living beings, and 4) all situations should be viewed with equanimity - without like or dislike." If one adopts only one of these four, other three will automatically be adopted.

    Lord Mahavira
 
   Mahavira Teaching
  Mahavira and Jain dharma
  तीर्थंकर महावीर (Hindi]  

   श्रीमहावीर जिन पूजा  

  चालीसा भगवान श्रीमहावीर

   पुरुरवा से लेकर भगवान महावीर के 34 भव
 
1. पुरुरवा भील   2.  पहले स्वर्ग में देव  3. भरत पुत्र मारिचि 4. पाँचवें स्वर्ग में देव 5. जटिल ब्राह्मण 6. पहले स्वर्ग में देव 7. पुष्यमित्र ब्राह्मण  8. पहले स्वर्ग में देव  9.  अग्नि शर्मा ब्राह्मण 10.  तीसरे स्वर्ग में देव 11. अग्नि मित्र ब्राह्मण 12. चोथे स्वर्ग में देव  13. भारद्वाज  ब्राह्मण 14. चोथे स्वर्ग में देव  15. मनुष्य 16. स्थावर ब्राह्मण 17, चोथे स्वर्ग में देव 18 विश्वनंदी 19 दशवे स्वर्ग में देव  20. त्रिप्रष्ठ अर्षचक्री 21. सातवे नरक में 22. सिंह 23. पहले नरक में 24.सिंह  25. पहले स्वर्ग में देव 26 विधिधर 27 सातवें स्वर्ग में देव 28. हरिषेण राजा 29. दशवें स्वर्ग में देव 30. चक्रवर्ती प्रिय मित्र 31. 12वे स्वर्ग में देव 32, राजा नंदन 33.  16- वे स्वर्ग में इन्द्र  34. तीर्थंकर महावीर   

  The Teachings of Lord Mahavira      
  • Every soul is independent.  None depends on another.

  • All souls are alike.  None is superior or inferior.

  • Every soul is in itself absolutely omniscient and blissful.  The bliss does not come from outside.

  • All human beings are miserable due to their own faults, and they themselves can be happy by correcting these faults.

  • The greatest mistake of a soul is non‑recognition of its real self and can only be corrected by recognizing itself.

  • There is no separate existence of God.  Everybody can attain Godhood by making supreme efforts in the right direction. 

  • Know thyself, recognize thyself, be immersed by thyself  you will attain Godhood.

  • God is neither the creator nor the destructor of the universe. He is merely a silent observer and omniscient.

  • One who, even after knowing the whole universe, can remain unaffected and unattached is God.

  • Fight with yourself, why fight with external foes?  He who conquers himself through himself, will obtain happiness.

  • All beings hate pain, therefore one should not hurt kill them. Ahimsa (non-violence) is the highest religion.

  • A man is seated on top of a tree in the midst of a burning forest. He sees all living beings perish.  But he doesn't realize that the same fate is soon to overtake him also. That man is fool.

                                                                                          

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