Lord Rishabha ( श्रीआदिनाथ )
The symbol of Adinath is a Bull (Rishabh)
सम्यक्-प्रणम्य जिन-पाद-युगं युगादा-
वालम्बनं भव-जले पततां जनानाम्।1।
gods bow down at the feet of Bhagwana Risbhadeva the radiance of the
jewels of their crowns is intensified by the divine glow of his feet. Mere
touch of his feet absolves the being from the sins. He who submits himself
at these feet crosses the barriers of rebirth into the state of
liberation. I convey my reverential salutations to the First Thirthankara,
the propagation of religion at the beginning of this Era.
Stotra (भक्तामर स्त्रोत)
धम्मो वि दयामूलो विणिम्मियो आदिबह्मेण
(The "first Brahmā" (Lord Rishabha) established the (ordinary) dharma based on
प्रजापतिर्यः प्रथमं जिजीविषुः शशास कृष्यादिसु कर्मसु प्रजाः
(As first Prajapati, he taught people who wanted to earn a living various trades.)
Bhagavan Rishabha (Adinath - श्रीआदिनाथ )
Bhagavan Rishabha was the first Jain hence he is often called Adinath, the
first lord. He is also called Rushabh, Rushabhdev, Adinath or Adishwar. He is mentioned in most of the Hindu Puranas, Markandeya,
Kurma, Vayu, Garuda, Brahmanda, Varaha, Linga, Vishnu, Skandha etc. Rishabha has been mentioned in the Hindu text of the Bhagavatha-Purana as an
avatar of Vishnu. According to the Bhāgavata, he was born to show the people of this world the path of salvation.
............................ Rishabha Prabhu (Adinathji)
Father's Name ............ .Nabhiraja
Mother's Name ........... Marudevi
Birth Place ... ............... Ayodhya
Birth Thithi ... ............... Chaitra krishna. 8
Diksha Thithi ... .......... .Chaitra krishna. 8
Kevalgyan Thithi.. ..... .falgun krishna. 8
Naksharta .. ................ .Uttrashadha
Diksha Sathi ... ......... . .4000
Shadhak Jeevan ... . .. 1,00,000 purva
Age Lived ... ................ 84,00,000 purva
Lakshan Sign ... ....... .Vrushabha
Neervan Place ... ...... .Asthapad
Neervan Sathi ... ....... . 10000
Neervan Thithi ... ....... .Magh Krishna 14
The Hindus, gave the same parentage (father Nabhiraja and mother
Marudevi) of Rishabhdev as the Jains do and they even agree that after the name of Rishabhdev's eldest son Bharat this country is
Known as Bharatavarsa. In the Rgveda there are clear references to Rishabhdev, the first Tirthankara.
Bhagwan Rishabhdev also called Adinath the first Tirthankara
born in the royal family of Ikshvaku clan in Ayodhya as the son of King Nabhiraja and
Queen Maru Devi. He was married to Sumangla and Sunanda.
Sumangla gave birth to Bharat, who later became a Chakravarti king .
Sunanda gave birth to a child who came to be known as Bahubali.
Adinath had one hundred sons and two daughters, who were
named Brahmi and Sundari. It is believed that all civilization developed from the teachings of Adinath. He was the first king to
establish the institutions of marriage, agriculture, the arts, and weaponry. He ruled for thousands of years and after he divided his
kingdom among his sons and departed to take up an ascetic way of life.
When Adinath renounced his kingdom, thousands of people
followed him into the ascetic life. Whenever they went for alms,
people offered them gold, jewels, ornaments, etc. But no one offered
them food. Thus, many of his followers could not tolerate the starvation. They began asking for food, and then they left to form
their own groups. This was the beginning of many sects. (According
to the Jain faith, Tirthankaras remained silent until they achieved perfection.)
Adinath also went without food for an entire year. Then he
went to his grandson Shreyans kingdom (Hastinapur). His
grandson offered him sugarcane juice, which he accepted. Hastinapur
is still considered a holy place, and even today Jains make pilgrimages to this site to break ritual fasts (with sugarcane
juice). After becoming enlightened (Perfect), He broke his silence
and preached for many years, telling how to escape the cycle of
birth and death and achieve eternal bliss. Bhagavan Adinath achieved
Nirvana on the mountain of Kailash in the Himalayas when he was in
complete Samadhi. The symbol of Adinath is a Bull (Rishabh) so he is known as Rishabh Dev.
The modern historians like Ramprasad Chandra, Dr. Vilas
Sangave , Dr. Heinrich Zimmer, John Marshall, Thomas McEvilley and Mircea Eliade are of opinion
that there exists some link between Rshabha and Indus valley civilization.
Terracotta seals and other evidences unearthed at the ancient cities of Harrapa
and Mohenjo Daro provide a link between Rsabha and Indus Valley Civilisation.
The eminent scholar P.R. Deshmukh says that the first Jain Tirthankara belonged to Indus Valley Civilisation.