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jain temple Pavapuri or Pawapuri

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   Pavapuri Jain Tirth

  Location:

  Pawapuri or Pavapuri is also called  Apapuri is situated 8 kms from Bihar Sarif and 31 km  Rajgir.By road it is 87 km   from Patna. It is located on Bahktiapur - Rajgir railway line.   Buses  and taxies  also run from Rajgir to Pawapri. Pawapuri also known as Apapuri is a scared Jain pilgrimage. Lord Mahavira, the final Tirthankara of Jainism, breathed his last at this place, and was cremated here around 500 B.C

  Having attained omniscience (Kevala- nana) on the bank of Rju-kula and after preaching the principle of Jainism through his divine voice (divya-dhvani), Lord Mahavira toured over different areas of the country and propounded the religious doctrines. 

  Afterwards he reached Pavapuri and seated himself on a clan or pure slab of stone in a park studded with many ponds. He did not move out for two days; and plunged in pure meditation (sukla-dhyana). He quitted the mortal coil and became a Siddha in the last quarter of the night of the 14th day of the black half of the month of Kartika. This is   described in the Maha-purna of Puspadanta. The Uttara- purana too describe this episode.

  For these references it is clear that Lord Mahavira attained nirvana in a park, near Pavapuri, round about which there were many pounds or lakes.

  At present the site of the nirvana of Mahavira is accepted near Bihar- Sherif  where a magnifificent Jaina temple stands in the centre of a big lake. This is accepted as the tirtha- ksetra on all hands. Both the sects, Digambra and Svetambra, have voluntarily accepted this place as the spot of the nirvana of Mahavira

  A marble temple, the Jalmandir, was later built in  the middle of the tank. Here Lord Mahavira  attained salvation sitting on a padmasana. Another beautiful Jain temple of white marble called Samosharan is located at this place. Lord Mahavira had delivered his sermon here.The best time time to visit Pawapuri is between October and March.   

  Pawapuri Jalmandir

  Jalmandir, here Lord Mahavira
attained salvation sitting on a padmasana. 

    Jalmandir

  Jain temple of white marble called Samosharan, where
 Lord Mahavira had delivered his sermon.

   History

  Pavapuri   known as Pava and Apapapuri was a city in ancient times forming a part of Magadh territory. Nearly  2500 years ago during the reign of  Ajathashatru, Hastipal was the king of this city. of Magadh Desh. At that time Bhagwan Mahavir walking from Champapuri had arrived here and was spending his “Chaturmas” at the Rajjugashala of  king Hastipal. 
   In the morning of Karthik Krishna 14,the final sermon of Lord Mahavir commenced in the presence of nine kings of Malla dynasty, nine kings of Lichchhavi dynasty and many other devotees. After speaking for 16 “prahars “  explaining “Uttaradhyayan Sutra” Bhagwan finally attained Moksha during  Swati Constellation in the last moments of the last “Prahar” of the Amavasya night. God led by Indra celebrated this occasion of beneficence as “Nirvan kalnayak”. 

  According to Digamber Jains’ tradition, Sri Bhagwan attained Moksha in the last moments of the last “prahar” on Karthik Krishna 14 and therefore they celebrate this 14th day as the day of Moksha and in obeisance offer Laddos in the Lake-temple. The Swetamber followers celebrate the 15th day by holding a festival and on that night in the last moments of the last “prahar” offer Laddus.

Managed By :

  Sri Jain Swetamber Bhandar Tirth, Pavapuri
P.O Pavapuri - 803 115., Dist : Nalanda (Bihar)
Tel : 06112- 74736.
Sri Digamber Tirth Committee, Pavapuri
P.O. Pavapuri, Dist : Nalanda, (Bihar).

   Facilities and Accomodation  

  New Samosaran temple of Swetamber ccommodations is available with all facilities. In the city temple there is a Bhojanshala for meals.
Near Digamber temple there is also a Digamber dharamshala with all facilities and a Bhojanshala

          Pawapri temple
  More...
  Lord  Mahavira's Nirvana
  On line Map of Jalmandir

                                                                                                                                    

 

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