Samgraha was composed by Nemichandra Sidhanta-chakravarti .
Nemichandra is the author of (1) Dravya Samgraha, (2) Gommatasara,
(3) Labdhisara, (4) Ksapanasara and (5) Triloksara. In the
last verse 58 of Dravya Samraha, Nemichandra has mentioned his name.
Davva-samgaha or Dravya Ė Samgraha, may be
conveniently divided into three parts. The first part deals with the
six Dravyas (substances) including the five Asti-K‚yas existing in
and comprising this universe. This part extends from verse 1 to 27.
The second part, comprising verses 28-29, deals with the seven
Tattvas and nine Pad‚rthas. The third parts, consisting of verses
40-57, describe the way to attain liberation.
In the opening verse, along with the usual Mangal‚charna, it
is mentioned that Dravya consists of JÓva
In the second
verse, JÓva is defined; and
the several characteristics of JÓva
mentioned in this definition are taken up one by one verses 3-14,
and a detailed consideration of the same is embodied therein.
this detailed description of JÓva,
the author proceeds to describe AjÓva
in verse 15, which consists of Pudgala, Dharma, Adharma, ¬k‚śa
and K‚la, each of which is defined in verses 16-22. These five
classes of AjÓva with JÓva
make up the six Dravyas existing in this universe.
Among these, JÓva,
Pudgala, Dharma, Adharma, and ¬k‚śa are called Astik‚vas
(verse 23), the definition of which is given in the next verse. The
first parts ends after two more verses.
The second part deals with seven Tattvas, viz., ¬srava,
Bandhana, Samvara, Nirjar‚, Moksa, Punya and P‚pa. These seven,
together with JÓva and AjÓva, are known as the nine Pad‚rthas. Some again regard all
these nine as Tattvas. The different varieties of ¬srava, Samvara
etc. are treated in detail in verses 29-38.
The third part
begins with verse 39, in which and the next verse the means to
attain liberation are stated, according to the ordinary and
realistic points of view. Perfect faith, Perfect knowledge and
perfect conduct, which are essential to obtain liberation, are then
defined and in this connection the importance of Dhy‚na
(meditation) is emphasized.
In verse 49 we are introduced to the
prayers of the Jainas by which one should attempt to concentrate the
mind upon the Arhats, Siddhas, ¬ch‚ryas, Up‚dhy‚yas and S‚dhus.
These five classes of beings are known as the five Paramesthis, and
their characteristics are described in verses 50-54. The work ends
with a mention of the efficacy of Dhy‚na (meditation).