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(Acharya Nemichandra)

Dravya Samgraha  was composed by Nemichandra Sidhanta-chakravarti . Nemichandra is the author of (1) Dravya Samgraha, (2) Gommatasara, (3) Labdhisara, (4) Ksapanasara and (5) Triloksara.  In the last verse 58 of Dravya Samraha, Nemichandra has mentioned his name.
or Dravya Ė Samgraha, may be conveniently divided into three parts. The first part deals with the six Dravyas (substances) including the five Asti-K‚yas existing in and comprising this universe. This part extends from verse 1 to 27. The second part, comprising verses 28-29, deals with the seven Tattvas and nine Pad‚rthas. The third parts, consisting of verses 40-57, describe the way to attain liberation.    
In the opening verse, along with the usual Mangal‚charna, it is mentioned that Dravya consists of JÓva and AjÓva. 

In the second verse, JÓva is defined; and the several characteristics of JÓva mentioned in this definition are taken up one by one verses 3-14, and a detailed consideration of the same is embodied therein.

After this detailed description of JÓva, the author proceeds to describe AjÓva in verse 15, which consists of Pudgala, Dharma, Adharma, ¬k‚śa and K‚la, each of which is defined in verses 16-22. These five classes of AjÓva with JÓva make up the six Dravyas existing in this universe.  

Among these, JÓva, Pudgala, Dharma, Adharma, and ¬k‚śa are called Astik‚vas (verse 23), the definition of which is given in the next verse. The first parts ends after two more verses.  

The second part deals with seven Tattvas, viz., ¬srava, Bandhana, Samvara, Nirjar‚, Moksa, Punya and P‚pa. These seven, together with JÓva and AjÓva, are known as the nine Pad‚rthas. Some again regard all these nine as Tattvas. The different varieties of ¬srava, Samvara etc. are treated in detail in verses 29-38.  

The third part begins with verse 39, in which and the next verse the means to attain liberation are stated, according to the ordinary and realistic points of view. Perfect faith, Perfect knowledge and perfect conduct, which are essential to obtain liberation, are then defined and in this connection the importance of Dhy‚na (meditation) is emphasized.

 In verse 49 we are introduced to the prayers of the Jainas by which one should attempt to concentrate the mind upon the Arhats, Siddhas, ¬ch‚ryas, Up‚dhy‚yas and S‚dhus. These five classes of beings are known as the five Paramesthis, and their characteristics are described in verses 50-54. The work ends with a mention of the efficacy of Dhy‚na (meditation).  


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