promising one, who ponders over the summumbonum for the self, is
very anxious to avoid (worldly) sufferings, seeks happiness, whose
intellectual greatnesslies in listening, (retaining) etc., who
having heard properly meditates upon Truth, which brings (eternal)
happiness, is full of the quality of compassion, and is established
by reason, and scriptural authority, and (then) accepts the sacred
doctrine, being guided by the scriptures and rid of obstinacy –
such a person is worthy of being taught.
8. Demerit produces pain, happiness follows Truth (Dharma). This
is well-known to all. Therefore the man who desires happiness should
always refrain from demerit, (and) follow Dharma.
9. All men desire the early attainment of true
happiness; it arises from the destruction of all Karmas. (This
destruction of the Karmas results) from right conduct; that (right
conduct) depends upon (right) knowledge. And that (right knowledge
is acquired) from the Scriptures. The (scriptures are based) on
Discourses, (Jinavani), and this (Jina-vani emanates) from the
discoursing Omniscient (Apta Arhat), and that (Apta) is free from
all defects. These (defects) are attachment and others. Therefore
after duly reasoned-out contemplation of him, the source of all
happiness, let the worthy resort to him for their benefit.
Jina-Vani is the speech of the Arhat. It is letter less sound,
Anakshari vani, emanating from the vibratory Omniscient, is
understandable by all present, in their own language, being then
transformed into lettered discourse.
10. Right belief is of two, three, and
ten kinds. It is always free from the defects of ignorance, etc, it
is overflowing with apprehension of mundane miseries, etc.(it is
the) destroyer of existences; purifier of three kinds of wrong
knowledge (i. e. transforms them into three right kinds of
knowledge); it rightly ascertains the seven or the nine principles (Tattvas).
It is the first step for those who ascend up to the unshakeable
fortress (of Liberation). It is indeed, the first Devotion [Aradhana]
for the learned scholars.
Right-belief is of two kinds. Intuitive (Nisargaja),
or tuitive (Adhigama). Nisargaja is self-born, inspired, intuitive.
Adhigamaja is acquired by study, precept, etc., tuitive. It is of 3
kinds having regard to internal causes, viz,. (1) subsidential,
supashamika, in consequences of subsidence of 4 error-feeding
passions and wrong belief, (2) destructive-subsidential (Kshayopa-Shamika),
in consequence of their destructive-subsidence, (3) destructive (Kahyaka)
as a consequence of their total destruction.
11. (Right- belief) arises from 1. Ajna, 2. Marga, 3.
Updesha, 4. Sutra, 5. Bija, 6. Sankshepa, 7. Vistara, and 8. Artha;
and is eithter 9. Avagadha and 10. Parmava-gadha. (These are the 10
kinds referred to in Shloka 10 above).
12. Ajna belief is
said to be that which is based solely upon the precept of the
belief is said to be the belief in the peaceful, path of eternal
liberation, which is free from temporal ties and which arises from
subsidence of the deluding Karmas.
or Adesha belief is that which arises from ancient teachings, of
great men, and from sayings, etc., received from the ocean of
scriptures of right-knowledge.