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 ATMANUSHASANA (Original with English Translation)
                           
Shri Guna-Bhadra Acharya                           

   

 

 7. The promising one, who ponders over the summumbonum for the self, is very anxious to avoid (worldly) sufferings, seeks happiness, whose intellectual greatnesslies in listening, (retaining) etc., who having heard properly meditates upon Truth, which brings (eternal) happiness, is full of the quality of compassion, and is established by reason, and scriptural authority, and (then) accepts the sacred doctrine, being guided by the scriptures and rid of obstinacy such a person is worthy of being taught. 
 
8. Demerit produces pain, happiness follows Truth (Dharma). This is well-known to all. Therefore the man who desires happiness should always refrain from demerit, (and) follow Dharma.
9. All men desire the early attainment of true happiness; it arises from the destruction of all Karmas. (This destruction of the Karmas results) from right conduct; that (right conduct) depends upon (right) knowledge. And that (right knowledge is acquired) from the Scriptures. The (scriptures are based) on Discourses, (Jinavani), and this (Jina-vani emanates) from the discoursing Omniscient (Apta Arhat), and that (Apta) is free from all defects. These (defects) are attachment and others. Therefore after duly reasoned-out contemplation of him, the source of all happiness, let the worthy resort to him for their benefit.
 
Commentary:  Jina-Vani is the speech of the Arhat. It is letter less sound, Anakshari vani, emanating from the vibratory Omniscient, is understandable by all present, in their own language, being then transformed into lettered discourse.
 10. Right belief is of two, three, and ten kinds. It is always free from the defects of ignorance, etc, it is overflowing with apprehension of mundane miseries, etc.(it is the) destroyer of existences; purifier of three kinds of wrong knowledge (i. e. transforms them into three right kinds of knowledge); it rightly ascertains the seven or the nine principles (Tattvas). It is the first step for those who ascend up to the unshakeable fortress (of Liberation). It is indeed, the first Devotion [Aradhana] for the learned scholars.
 
Commentary: Right-belief is of two kinds. Intuitive (Nisargaja), or tuitive (Adhigama). Nisargaja is self-born, inspired, intuitive. Adhigamaja is acquired by study, precept, etc., tuitive. It is of 3 kinds having regard to internal causes, viz,. (1) subsidential, supashamika, in consequences of subsidence of 4 error-feeding passions and wrong belief, (2) destructive-subsidential (Kshayopa-Shamika), in consequence of their destructive-subsidence, (3) destructive (Kahyaka) as a consequence of their  total destruction.
 11. (Right- belief) arises from 1. Ajna, 2. Marga, 3. Updesha, 4. Sutra, 5. Bija, 6. Sankshepa, 7. Vistara, and 8. Artha; and is eithter 9. Avagadha and 10. Parmava-gadha. (These are the 10 kinds referred to in Shloka 10 above). 
12. Ajna belief is said to be that which is based solely upon the precept of the passionless (saint).
     Marga belief is said to be the belief in the peaceful, path of eternal liberation, which is free from temporal ties and which arises from subsidence of the deluding Karmas.
    
Updesha or Adesha belief is that which arises from ancient teachings, of great men, and from sayings, etc., received from the ocean of scriptures of right-knowledge
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                                                                                 Continued...
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